欧洲杯比分

欧洲杯比分您现在的位置:欧洲杯比分 > 欧洲杯比分 > 金属转子流量计在高压氧舱中的常见故障与维修
金属转子流量计在高压氧舱中的常见故障与维修
发布时间:2019-12-17   点击次数:37次

在高压氧治疗中,将机体置于高压氧舱内的高气压环境,让患者呼吸与环境等压的纯氧,是空气加压舱高压氧治疗的两个重要环节。而患者在高气压环境中是否有效吸氧,是高压氧治疗的核心环节。转子流量计的应用,从客观上保障了直观观察患者是否有效吸氧。针对肺式供氧(按需式供氧)和连续式供氧两种不同的供氧方式,转子流量计则分别起到了定性和定量的指示作用,其临床应用中如何快速、方便地进行维修也值得探讨。

  1 转子流量计的临床应用

  随着高压氧治疗应用领域的不断扩大及吸氧终端的改造创新,供氧方式也从原先单一的肺式供氧发展成肺式供氧和连续式供氧两种。因此,转子流量计在临床中的应用也有了新的用法。其一是常规用法,即转子流量计应用于肺式供氧。这种用法可以在流量计上方便、直观地定性观察,主要观察有效吸氧情况和患者每次吸氧的瞬时流量大小情况,若瞬时流量小或无,则说明患者面罩没有戴好,脸部与面罩接触部有漏气的地方,操舱员通过这类观察来指导舱内患者及时纠正不良状况,保证有效吸氧。其二是拓展用法,即转子流量计应用于连续式供氧。流量计既当开关又用作流量调节,可以定量调节流量的大小,操舱员通过观察舱内吸氧终端球囊的大小来调节供氧流量的大小,流量计的这种用法可以保证有效吸氧,但仍须密切关注患者吸氧终端的气密性,以免漏氧造成舱内氧浓度偏高。转子流量计的这两种用法解决了各类患者的吸氧需求和有效吸氧问题,使更多的患者受益。

  2 ZHUANZILIULIANGJIDECHANGJIANGUZHANGYUWEIXIU

  ZHUANZILIULIANGJIZAICHANGGUIYONGFAZHONGJIHUMEIYOUGUZHANG,YINWEIZHEIZHONGYONGFADUILIULIANGJIMEIYOUCAOZUO,CHUYUJINGTAISHIYONG;ERZAILIULIANGJIDETUOZHANYONGFASHIZESHIYIZHONGDONGTAISHIYONG,ZAIZHILIAOGUOCHENGZHONG,HUANZHEMEICIKAISHIXIYANGHEZHONGJIANTINGZHIXIYANG(XIUXI)YIJIGONGYANGLIULIANGDEDAXIAODIAOJIE,DOUYAODUILIULIANGJIJINXINGCAOZUO,ZAIZHEIZHONGDONGTAISHIYONGZHONGLIULIANGJIYICHUGUZHANG,XIANJIUQICHANGJIANGUZHANGYUWEIXIUZONGJIERUXIA:

  2.1 ZHUANZILIULIANGJIGUANBIBUJIN

欧洲杯比分  CIGUZHANGXIANXIANGSHIGUANBILIULIANGJIXUANNIU(SHUNSHIZHENXUANZHUANLIULIANGJIXUANNIUDAOJIN),LIULIANGJIBOLIGUANNEIGANGZHU(ZHUANZI)RENGZAIFUDONG,ROUYANNENGJIANDAOYOUJIAOXIAODELIULIANGZHISHI。ZAOCHENGCIGUZHANGDEGENYUANSHILIULIANGJIDEZHUIXINGDIAOJIELUOGAN(LEISI**TOU)YUBEIMIANDAIMIFENGQUAN、QIANMIANZHONGYANGDAIYOUXIANGJINGXIAOYUANZHUTIDEDIAOJIEZUOJIEKOUMOHEMIANJIEHEBULIANG。YOUYUCIJIEHEMIANSHIGANGXINGJIEHE,KAIGUANXUANNIUSHIYONGLIBUDANGDOUYIZAOCHENGMOKOUJIEHEMIANSHOUSUNERYINQIGUANBIBUJIN,WEIXIUSHIKEYONGLINGHAOSHAZHIFENBIEZAIDIAOJIELUOGANDEZHUIXINGJIEHEMIANHEDIAOJIEZUODEXIANGJINGYUANZHUTIDEYUANKONGJIEHEMIANYONGXUANZHUANDEFANGFADAMO,YIBANXUANZHUAN30~50QUANNENGSHIJIEHEMIANJIEHELIANGHAO,XIUFUCIGUZHANG。CIFADAYUENENGJINXING3~4CIXIUFU,YIDANDIAOJIEZUOSHANGDEXIANGJINGXIAOYUANZHUTIMOPING,YONGSHAZHIDAMODEFANGFAJIUBUNENGZAIXIUFULE。ZAISHIJIANZHONGWOMENCAIYONGGANGROUJIEHEDEFANGFAJINXINGLEZAIXIUFUQIEXIAOGUOLIANGHAO,JUTIZUOFASHI:QUCAIXUEYAJIXIUDAIDEXIANGPIGUAN(WAIJING8mm,NEIJING4mm),JIANYIXIAOJIE5mm,CIJIEXIANGPIGUANNENGHENHESHIDIZHIYUDIAOJIEZUOYUDIAOJIELUOGANZHIJIANDEGANGXINGGUDINGTAOGUANNEI,CITAOGUANQIAHAOYOUGEYUE3mmDENEIKAN,NENGSHIXIANGPIGUANJINMIXIANGZAINEIKANSHANG,XIANGPIGUANTUCHUDEBUFENYUE2mm,ZAIWAILUOMAODEJINGUXIAZHENGHAOYUDIAOJIEZUOJINMIDIJIEHEZAIYIQI,ZHEIDUANXIANGPIGUANBUJINQIDAOXIANGPIDIANMIFENGDEGONGXIAO,ERQIESHIYUANXIANDIAOJIEZUOYUDIAOJIELUOGANDEGANGXINGJIEHEZHUANBIANWEIGANGROUJIEHE,CONGERSHIGUANBIBUJINDEWENTIDEDAOJIAOCHEDIDEJIEJUE,ZHEIZHONGCHUANGXINXINGWEIXIUHAINENGGAISHANLIULIANGJIDEKAIGUANXINGNENG,KAIGUANQINGBIAN,BINGNENGJIAOZHANGSHIJIANBUZAICHUXIANLIULIANGJIGUANBIBUJINDEGUZHANG,ZHIDAOXIANGPIGUANLAOHUABIANXINGZAIGENGHUAN。

  2.2 ZHUANZILIULIANGJIBUNENGKAIQI

欧洲杯比分  CIGUZHANGXIANXIANGSHILIULIANGJIKAIQIWULIULIANGZHISHI(LIULIANGJIBOLIGUANNEIZHUANZIMEIFUQI),ZAOCHENGCIGUZHANGDEGENYUANYOUER。QIYISHILIULIANGJIXUANNIUDEWAILUOMAOGUDINGSONGJINDUBUGOU(BIANSONG),SHIZHUANZILIULIANGJIDENEIXINGENSUIDIAOJIELUOGANYIQIZHUANDONG,ZHEIYANGJIUBUNENGKAIQILIULIANG,CIZHONGZHUANGKUANGWANGWANGYEBANSUIZHEXUANNIUDEFEICHANGDADIANYUGUANBIDIANXIAOSHI,WULUNXUANNIUZUOZHUANYOUZHUANDOUZHUANBUDAOTOU,YOUSHIWAILUOMAOCHUHAIHUIFASHENGLOUQI,YONGBANSHOUJIANGWAILUOMAONINGJINJIUNENGPAICHUCIGUZHANG。QIERSHIXUANNIUYUDIAOJIELUOGANZHIJIANDEJINGULUODINGSONGDONG,ZAOCHENGXUANNIUBUNENGDAIDONGLUOGANZHUANDONG,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIAHENRONGYIGANJUEDAOXUANNIUZAIDIAOJIELUOGANSHANGDAHUA,ZHIXUQINGQINGYIBAJIUHUISHIXUANNIUCONGDIAOJIELUOGANSHANGHUATUOXIALAI,YINCIZHONGXINDUIZHUNXUANNIUYUDIAOJIELUOGANDESUODINGWEIZHI,YONGLUOSIDAONINGJINXUANNIUSHANGDESUODINGLUODING,GUZHANGJIKEPAICHU。

  2.3 ZHUANZILIULIANGJIBUNENGDIAOJIELIULIANG

欧洲杯比分  CIGUZHANGXIANXIANGSHILIULIANGJIDIAOJIEXUANNIUKAIQILIULIANGDAOYIDINGLIANGHOUBUNENGJIXUKAIDALIULIANG,SHENZHILIULIANGJIDIAOJIEXUANNIUKAIQIDAOFEICHANGDAWEIZHILIULIANGBUSHENGFANJIANG。ZAOCHENGCIGUZHANGDEGENYUANSHIHUXIZHONGDUANDEHUXIQINEIGANYAMOPIANZHONGYANGDEJINSHUPIANTUOLUO,YUANXIANKAOJINSHUPIANPINGMIANXIAYI,XINGCHENGWANQUANSUODING,DINGKAIYAOGANHUOMENDEQINGKUANGFASHENGLEBIANHUA,XIANZAIDEJINSHUPIANKENENGYIWEIHUOFASHENGQINGXIE,YIZHIYAOGANHUOMENBUCHUZAIYUANXIANSUODINGWANQUANKAIQIDEZHUANGTAI,ERCHUYUYIZHONGBANKAIQIHUOYOUJIELIUDEZHUANGTAI,SUIZHELIULIANGDEKAIDA,YOUYUYAOGANHUOMENYIJINGBUBEISUODING,QIESUIZHEGANYAMOPIANXIAQIANGYALIZENGDA,GANYAMOPIANGUQI,ZAOCHENGYAOGANHUOMENDEYAOGANTISHENGERHUOMENKAIDUBIANXIAO,FANERJIADALEHUOMENDEJIELIU,ZHEIYESHILIULIANGJIDIAOJIEXUANNIUKAIQIDAOFEICHANGDAWEIZHILIULIANGBUSHENGFANJIANGDEYUANYIN。CONGYANGQILIUCHENGLAIKAN,YANGQISHIXIANLIUGUOANZHUANGZAICANGWAIKONGZHITAISHANGDELIULIANGJI,ERHOUZAITONGGUOANZHUANGZAICANGNEIHUXIZHONGDUANDEHUXIQI,HUANZHEHUXILIULIANGDEDIAOJIELIYONGDESHILIULIANGJIDEJIELIUYUANLI,TONGGUODIAOJIELIULIANGJIJIELIUDEDAXIAOLAIGAIBIANLIULIANGDEDAXIAO。XIANZAIZAILIULIANGJIDEHOUJIYINGUZHANGYOUYOULEJIELIU,DANGLIULIANGJIDEJIELIUBIHUXIQIGUZHANGCHUDEJIELIULIHAI(BIRULIULIANGJICONGGUANBIZHUANGTAIKAIQIYIZHIJIAOXIAOLIULIANGFANWEINEIDEDIAOJIE),CIZHONGZHUANGKUANGLIULIANGDEDAXIAOZAILIULIANGJICHUKEDIAO,FANZHIBUKEDIAO。ZHEIJIUCHUXIANLELIULIANGCONGXIAODAODADIAODAOYIDINGZHIHOULIULIANGJIDIAOJIEXUANNIUJIUWUFAZAIJINXINGLIULIANGDIAOJIELE,CIGUZHANGGENYUANSUIBUZAILIULIANGJISHANG,DANGUZHANGXIANXIANGTIXIANZAILIULIANGJISHANG,WOMENZAIGONGZUOZHONGYUDAOGUOZHEILEIQINGKUANG,NALAIYUDAJIAGONGJIAN。

  3 XIAOJIE

  转子流量计是高压氧舱供氧系统的常规组件,随着高压氧治疗领域的扩大以及连续式供氧方式的应用,转子流量计也从原先单一的静态使用发展到如今动、静兼用,其发挥的作用也由单一的吸氧流量定性观察到吸氧流量定量观察和指示、吸氧流量按需调节和吸氧流量阀门开关多种用途,因此对其故障的快速、准确判断,以及简易、快速、方便、可靠的修复,对于提高舱位使用率和有效控制舱内氧浓度,保障氧舱安全欧洲杯比分具有实际的意义。愿此维修经验能给同行提供借鉴。

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